- (1854-1916)Born in Australia of Jewish parents, Jacobs wrote chiefly on Jewish history and culture, but between 1889 and 1900 he was actively involved on the Council of the Folklore Society. At his suggestion, the Society renamed its journal Folk-Lore in 1890; he was its first Editor under the new title (1890-3), and remained on the editorial board till 1900. He studied narrative genres, especially those involving both oral and written transmission, such as *fables. As regards folklore theory, he held that when similar items are found in separate cultures they have spread from a single place and time of origin, by contact between social groups (diffusion-ism), rather than developing independently (polygenesis); also, that folklore items such as tales or proverbs are created by a single 'author', not by a whole community.Jacobs produced several collections of fairytales for young readers; they include English Fairy Tales (1890, revised 1898) and More English Fairy Tales (1894), which did much to spread awareness of our own oral tradition. Two, *'Jack and the Beanstalk' and 'Henny-Penny', are personal memories of tales told him in childhood; the rest are texts previously collected and published by others, some being modified for easier reading. But the lengthy notes accompanying these popularized tales are thoroughly scholarly.Other important works are his editions of The Fables of Aesop as First Printed by William Cax-ton (1889), of The Most Delectable History of Reynard the Fox (1895), and of Barlam and Josaphat (1896), and his substantial introduction to E. W. Lane's translation of The One Thousand and One Nights (1895).■ Obituary: Folk-Lore 65 (1954), 126-7. Gary Alan Fine, Folklore 98 (1987), 183-93.
A Dictionary of English folklore. Jacqueline Simpson & Steve Roud. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
JACOBS, JOSEPH — (1854–1916), Jewish historian, folklorist, and scholar. He was born in Sydney, Australia, studied in England, and, after graduating in history in Cambridge, went to complete his studies in Berlin where he worked under Steinschneider. On his… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Jacobs, Joseph — ▪ English scholar born Aug. 29, 1854, Sydney, N.S.W. [Australia] died Jan. 30, 1916, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S. Australian born English folklore scholar, one of the most popular 19th century adapters of children s fairy tales. He was also a… … Universalium
Jacobs, Joseph — (1854 1916) British historian, folklorist and scholar. Born in Australia, he settled in England, where he became active as an author and journalist. He was the founder (in 1896) and editor of the Jewish Year Book. His studies of medieval Anglo … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Jacobs, Joseph — (b. 1854) Writer on folk lore and Jewish history. English Fairy Tales (1890), Celtic Fairy Tales (1891), Indian Fairy Tales (1892), Reynard the Fox (1895), Jews of Angevin England (1893), Sources of the History of the Jews in Spain (1895); has … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
JACOBS, Joseph (1854-1916) — historian and folklorist was born at Sydney on 29 August 1854, the son of John and Sarah Jacobs. He was educated at Sydney grammar school and at Sydney university, where he won a scholarship for classics, mathematics and chemistry. He did not… … Dictionary of Australian Biography
Joseph ha-Kohen — (* 20. Dezember 1496 in Avignon; † nach 1577 in Genua) war ein jüdischer Arzt und Chronist in Italien. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur … Deutsch Wikipedia
Joseph Jacobs — For other people named Joseph Jacobs, see Joseph Jacobs (disambiguation). Joseph Jacobs Born August 29, 1854(1854 08 29) Australia Died January 30, 1916(1916 01 30) (aged 61) United States Occupation … Wikipedia
Joseph Jacobs — (29 août 1854 – 30 janvier 1916) est un historien de la littérature et du judaïsme. Membre du comité éditorial de la Jewish Encyclopaedia, il fut aussi un folkloriste remarquable, qui créa plusieurs collections bien connues de contes de fées.… … Wikipédia en Français
Jacobs Engineering Group — Inc. Type Public Traded as NYSE: JEC Industry Engineering Architecture Construction Planning Management … Wikipedia
Joseph Jacobs — (* 29. August 1854 in Sydney; † 30. Januar 1916) war ein jüdischer Historiker, der sich vor allem mit Literatur befasste. Er war nicht nur einer der Verfasser der Jewish Encyclopedia, sondern zeigte sich auch für einige bemerkenswerte… … Deutsch Wikipedia